# LR - Arrangements - Previous Year CAT/MBA Questions

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Here we bring you all previous year LR - Arrangements omet questions along with detailed solutions.

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**CMAT 2022 Logical Reasoning | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

B, C, D, E, G, H are six persons sitting in a row, not necessarily in the same order. Two persons are sitting between C and G. C is placed to the immediate left of B. D is the first one in the row. C and H are not sitting together. Which one/ones of the following represent/s the correct arrangement of their sitting?

(A) D, H, G, E, B, C

(B) D, C, B, H, G, E

(C) D, G, H, E, C, B

(D) D, G, E, H, C, B

- (a)
Arrangement (A) & (B) are correct.

- (b)
Arrangement (B) & (C) are correct.

- (c)
Arrangement (C) & (D) are correct

- (d)
Arrangement (D) & (A) are correct.

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

Workspace:

**CMAT 2022 Logical Reasoning | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Six students P,Q,R,S,T and U are sitting around a Hexagonal table each at one corner and facing the center of hexagon. P is second to the left of U, Q is neighbor of R and S. T is second to the left of S. Who is on the right of R?

- (a)
Q

- (b)
P

- (c)
S

- (d)
U

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

It is given that,

Q is neighbour of R and S, and T is to the second left of S. Therefore, the only possible arrangement is

It is given that, P is to the second left of U.

Final arrangement:

P is to the right of R.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**XAT 2022 VALR | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

**Arrange the following sentences in a LOGICAL sequence:**

1. In America, primary-age pupils are on average five months behind where they would usually be in maths, and four months in reading, according to McKinsey, a consultancy.

2. As a new school year gets under way in many countries, the harm caused by months of closure is becoming ever clearer.

3. The crisis will accelerate that trend.

4. The damage is almost certainly worse in places such as India and Mexico, where the disruption to schooling has been greater.

5. Even before pandemic, parents around the world were growing more willing to pay for extra lessons in the hope of boosting their children’s education.

- (a)
2, 1, 4, 5, 3

- (b)
5, 1, 3, 2, 4

- (c)
3, 5, 2, 4, 1

- (d)
2, 3, 1, 4, 5

- (e)
5, 3, 2, 1, 4

Answer: Option A

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**Text Explanation** :

2-1-4 forms a logical sequence as the harm mentioned in 2 is explained in 1 and 4.

5-3 forms a logical sequence as the trend mentioned in 3 is referencing the willingness of parents to pay for extra lessons mentioned in 5.

2 is a better opening line than 5 as it introduces the main point discussed in the passage.

Hence, the required sequence is 2-1-4-5-3.

Workspace:

**IIFT 23 Dec 2021 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

A word arrangement, when rearranged by given input follow a particular rule/logic in each step.Following is an example of input and rearrangement. Study that rule/logic and apply on given problem.

INPUT: man’s mood varies with time and environment

Steps/Results:

I. Varies with man’s mood environment and time

II. And time environment mood man’s varies with

III. Environment time and varies with mood man’s

IV. And varies environment time man’s mood with

If Step IV reads, 'everyone was aware about their beautiful friendship', what will be the three middle wordsof Step II?

- (a)
their beautiful aware

- (b)
aware beautiful their

- (c)
everyone were friendship

- (d)
aware were beautiful

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

Since the question is only considering the 4th and 2nd lines,

Let us consider the third line of the illustration and arrange the 4th and 2nd lines accordingly.

III. Environment time and varies with mood man’s

Let Environment - 1, time - 2, and - 3, varies - 4, with - 5, mood - 6, and man's - 7.

Now, the coded version of III will be 1234567.

From the illustration, the code IV will be 3412765 and II will be 3216745.

Now after applying a similar code pattern in Step IV of the asked question, step II will be

Everyone about * aware beautiful their *was friendship.

Thus, the correct answer is B.

Workspace:

**IIFT 2020 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Abeer has 14 novels. Abeer’s friend Sanjay takes 3 of them and gives 2 novels to Abeer. Abeer donates 7 novels but buys 4. Joy takes 4 novels from Abeer and gives him 5. Abeer takes one novel from Sanjay and gives to Joy in exchange for 3 more. Abeer gives those 3 novels to Sanjay and he gives Abeer a novel and a magazine. Rahul takes the magazine which Sanjay gave to Abeer and gives Abeer a textbook. Abeer gives the text book to Joy in exchange for a novel. Rahul takes the novel from Sanjay, gives it to Joy for a magazine and gives Abeer the magazine for a novel. How many textbooks does Abeer have?

1. 0

2. 1

3. 2

4. 3

- (a)
1

- (b)
2

- (c)
3

- (d)
4

Answer: Option A

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**Text Explanation** :

In total, Abeer took part in 8 transactions.

0. Abeer had 14 novels.

1. Gave 3 and received 2 novels. Thus, Abeer had 14 - 3 + 2 = 13 novels.

2. Donated 7 and bought 4 novels. Thus, he had 13 - 7 + 4 = 10 novels.

3. Gives 4 to Joy and takes 5. Thus, he had 10 - 4 + 5 = 11 novels.

4. Gets 3 from Joy. Thus, he had 11 + 3 = 14 novels.

5. Gives 3 to Sanjay and gets 1 novel and 1 magazine. Thus, he had 14 - 3 + 1 = 12 novels and 1 magazine.

6. Gives the magazine to Rahul in exchange for a textbook. Thus, he had 12 novels and 1 textbook.

7. Gives the textbook to Joy and takes a novel. Thus, he had 12 + 1 = 13 novels.

8. Gives Rahul a novel and gets a magazine. Thus, he had 13 - 1 = 12 novels and 1 magazine.

Thus, Abeer does not have any textbooks.

Hence, the answer is option A.

Workspace:

**Answer the questions based on the information given below.**

In Gargi’s family there are 7 members A, B, C, D, E, F and G other than her consisting of Mother, Father, Brother, Sister, Uncle, Grandfather and Grandmother. They are Doctor, Professor, Director, Actor, Minister, Business Person and Artist by profession not necessarily in the same order. Gargi is a Manager of a leading restaurant and invites the family to her restaurant having round tables for seating to have dinner. The family members select a table for dinner while Gargi is on duty.

Few other details are :

(a) The mother and father do not sit together.

(b) C is seated on the immediate left of Professor and A sits with B.

(c) The artist is either the sister or grandmother and sits to the immediate right of Father.

(d) The grandmother is seated on the immediate left of D who is an actor.

(e) G who is an artist sits with the Business person, F who is a female.

(f) E sits one place away to the left of Director.

(g) There is one family member between Grandmother and C who is a Director.

(h) Father is a doctor and sits between Professor and Sister.

(i) Brother is not a Professor and sits with Grandmother.

**IIFT 2019 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

If C is the Uncle, then Professor is :

- (a)
Grandfather

- (b)
A

- (c)
B

- (d)
Mother

Answer: Option A

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**Text Explanation** :

The seat numbers on the dining table can be defined as below:

From b - if C is seated on seat no.5, then the one who is a professor is on the seat no. 6.

From f, g and d - C is a Director and E sits second to the left of C. Also, there is one person between C and Grandmother of Gargi. Therefore, Grandmother can be at seat no. 3 i.e. E or at seat no. 7.

The Grandmother is seated to the immediate left of D who is a actor. So, there are two cases possible here:

If Grand mother is at seat no. 3, then D is at seat no. 4(CASE I ) and

If the Grandmother is at seat no. 7, the D is at seat no. 1(CASE II)

From h - Father, who is a doctor is between Professor and Sister of Gargi.

In Case II where Grandmother is at seat no. 7, the two neighbours of Professor are C(Director) and Grandmother. So in this case Father(Doctor) can't be between professor and a sister. So Case II gets eliminated.

Therefore, Grandmother is at seat no. 3 i.e. E is a Grandmother and D is at seat no. 4. Also, Father is at seat no. 7 and sister of Gargi is at seat no. 1.

From c and g - G, an artist is a sister of Gargi and is at seat no. 1. F, who is a Business person is at seat no. 2. As there are on three females in Gargi's family i.e. Mother, Sister and Grandmother and as G is a sister and E is a Grandmother of Gargi, therefore F is a Mother of Gargi.

So D is an actor is a Brother of Gargi.

Therefore the arrangement will be:

Seat no. 1 - G/Artist/Sister

Seat no. 2 - F/Business Person/Mother

Seat no. 3 - E/Minister/Grand Mother

Seat no. 4 - D/Actor/Brother

Seat no. 5 - C/Director/Grandfather or Uncle

Seat no. 6 - A or B/Professor/Grandfather or Uncle

Seat no. 7 - A or B/ Doctor/ Father

Therefore,if C is a Uncle, then Professor is a Grandfather.

Hence, option (a)

Workspace:

**IIFT 2019 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

How many minimum/ least number of people are between the Business person and Professor ?

- (a)
3

- (b)
2

- (c)
4

- (d)
1

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

The seat numbers on the dining table can be defined as below:

From b - if C is seated on seat no.5, then the one who is a professor is on the seat no. 6.

From f, g and d - C is a Director and E sits second to the left of C. Also, there is one person between C and Grandmother of Gargi. Therefore, Grandmother can be at seat no. 3 i.e. E or at seat no. 7.

The Grandmother is seated to the immediate left of D who is a actor. So, there are two cases possible here:

If Grand mother is at seat no. 3, then D is at seat no. 4(CASE I ) and

If the Grandmother is at seat no. 7, the D is at seat no. 1(CASE II)

From h - Father, who is a doctor is between Professor and Sister of Gargi.

In Case II where Grandmother is at seat no. 7, the two neighbours of Professor are C(Director) and Grandmother. So in this case Father(Doctor) can't be between professor and a sister. So Case II gets eliminated.

Therefore, Grandmother is at seat no. 3 i.e. E is a Grandmother and D is at seat no. 4. Also, Father is at seat no. 7 and sister of Gargi is at seat no. 1.

From c and g - G, an artist is a sister of Gargi and is at seat no. 1. F, who is a Business person is at seat no. 2. As there are on three females in Gargi's family i.e. Mother, Sister and Grandmother and as G is a sister and E is a Grandmother of Gargi, therefore F is a Mother of Gargi.

So D is an actor is a Brother of Gargi.

Therefore the arrangement will be:

Seat no. 1 - G/Artist/Sister

Seat no. 2 - F/Business Person/Mother

Seat no. 3 - E/Minister/Grand Mother

Seat no. 4 - D/Actor/Brother

Seat no. 5 - C/Director/Grandfather or Uncle

Seat no. 6 - A or B/Professor/Grandfather or Uncle

Seat no. 7 - A or B/ Doctor/ Father

Minimum number of family members between Business person and Professor are 2.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2019 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

If B is a Doctor, then who is A ?

- (a)
Father

- (b)
Uncle

- (c)
Professor

- (d)
Mother

Answer: Option C

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**Text Explanation** :

The seat numbers on the dining table can be defined as below:

From b - if C is seated on seat no.5, then the one who is a professor is on the seat no. 6.

From f, g and d - C is a Director and E sits second to the left of C. Also, there is one person between C and Grandmother of Gargi. Therefore, Grandmother can be at seat no. 3 i.e. E or at seat no. 7.

The Grandmother is seated to the immediate left of D who is a actor. So, there are two cases possible here:

If Grand mother is at seat no. 3, then D is at seat no. 4(CASE I ) and

If the Grandmother is at seat no. 7, the D is at seat no. 1(CASE II)

From h - Father, who is a doctor is between Professor and Sister of Gargi.

In Case II where Grandmother is at seat no. 7, the two neighbours of Professor are C(Director) and Grandmother. So in this case Father(Doctor) can't be between professor and a sister. So Case II gets eliminated.

Therefore, Grandmother is at seat no. 3 i.e. E is a Grandmother and D is at seat no. 4. Also, Father is at seat no. 7 and sister of Gargi is at seat no. 1.

From c and g - G, an artist is a sister of Gargi and is at seat no. 1. F, who is a Business person is at seat no. 2. As there are on three females in Gargi's family i.e. Mother, Sister and Grandmother and as G is a sister and E is a Grandmother of Gargi, therefore F is a Mother of Gargi.

So D is an actor is a Brother of Gargi.

Therefore the arrangement will be:

Seat no. 1 - G/Artist/Sister

Seat no. 2 - F/Business Person/Mother

Seat no. 3 - E/Minister/Grand Mother

Seat no. 4 - D/Actor/Brother

Seat no. 5 - C/Director/Grandfather or Uncle

Seat no. 6 - A or B/Professor/Grandfather or Uncle

Seat no. 7 - A or B/ Doctor/ Father

if B is a Doctor, the A is a Professor.

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2019 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Who sits three places to the right of Mother ?

- (a)
Director

- (b)
Uncle

- (c)
Grandfather

- (d)
Brother

Answer: Option A

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**Text Explanation** :

The seat numbers on the dining table can be defined as below:

From b - if C is seated on seat no.5, then the one who is a professor is on the seat no. 6.

From f, g and d - C is a Director and E sits second to the left of C. Also, there is one person between C and Grandmother of Gargi. Therefore, Grandmother can be at seat no. 3 i.e. E or at seat no. 7.

The Grandmother is seated to the immediate left of D who is a actor. So, there are two cases possible here:

If Grand mother is at seat no. 3, then D is at seat no. 4(CASE I ) and

If the Grandmother is at seat no. 7, the D is at seat no. 1(CASE II)

From h - Father, who is a doctor is between Professor and Sister of Gargi.

In Case II where Grandmother is at seat no. 7, the two neighbours of Professor are C(Director) and Grandmother. So in this case Father(Doctor) can't be between professor and a sister. So Case II gets eliminated.

Therefore, Grandmother is at seat no. 3 i.e. E is a Grandmother and D is at seat no. 4. Also, Father is at seat no. 7 and sister of Gargi is at seat no. 1.

From c and g - G, an artist is a sister of Gargi and is at seat no. 1. F, who is a Business person is at seat no. 2. As there are on three females in Gargi's family i.e. Mother, Sister and Grandmother and as G is a sister and E is a Grandmother of Gargi, therefore F is a Mother of Gargi.

So D is an actor is a Brother of Gargi.

Therefore the arrangement will be:

Seat no. 1 - G/Artist/Sister

Seat no. 2 - F/Business Person/Mother

Seat no. 3 - E/Minister/Grand Mother

Seat no. 4 - D/Actor/Brother

Seat no. 5 - C/Director/Grandfather or Uncle

Seat no. 6 - A or B/Professor/Grandfather or Uncle

Seat no. 7 - A or B/ Doctor/ Father

Director sits third to the left of Mother.

Hence, option (a).

Workspace:

**Answer the questions based on the information given below.**

A group of students A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H and I visit Sheesh Mahal in Jaipur and play a game of standing in a horizontal line in front of a mirror as per the directions seen in the reflection. The group consists of four girls and five boys and none of the boys are at the extreme end positions. All the boys stand together with no girl in between. A takes the lead and stands in the centre to give directions as per those seen in the reflection. Some other directions which A gives are :

(a) G is on the extreme left while A is to the immediate left of D.

(b) C stands one place to the right of A and is not a girl.

(c) H is second to the left of B and to the immediate right of G.

(d) E is not on the extreme ends and is not a girl.

(e) B always stands between two boys.

**IIFT 2019 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Which of the following statement is always true ?

- (a)
F and I are girls

- (b)
E is a boy but A is a girl

- (c)
A and E stand together

- (d)
C and I stand together

Answer: Option A

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**Text Explanation** :

Starting from the left, the positions are:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

A is the one who starts the game by standing in the middle i.e. at position 5.

As, all the directions are seen in mirror and the arrangement is done accordingly, therefore each instruction given will be interpreted in the opposite way.

For example if instruction says that A is third to the right of B, then A will be positioned third to the left of B.

From A - G is on the extreme right end i.e. on position no. 9 and D is on the immediate left of A i.e. on position no. 4.

From B - C is on the position no. 3 and is a boy.

From C - H is second to the right of B and on the immediate left of G i.e. H is at position no. 8 and B is at position no. 6.

From E - The person to the immediate left of B i.e. A and immediate right of B, both are boys.

As C is a boy and person to the immediate right of B is also a boy (who is fourth to the right of C) and as mentioned in the given instructions that all five boys are together with no girls in middle, so from position 3 to 7 all are boys.

From D - As E is not a girl and is not at extreme ends, therefore the only place possible for E is position no. 7.

Therefore as per the above explanation, the Arrangement will be

I/F I/F C D A B E H G

So, as per the given explanation the only statement that is true is F and I are girls.

Hence, option (a).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2019 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Who is three places to the right of A considering A’s direction sense and not that of the reflection ?

- (a)
F

- (b)
I

- (c)
H

- (d)
E

Answer: Option C

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**Text Explanation** :

Starting from the left, the positions are:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

A is the one who starts the game by standing in the middle i.e. at position 5.

As, all the directions are seen in mirror and the arrangement is done accordingly, therefore each instruction given will be interpreted in the opposite way.

For example if instruction says that A is third to the right of B, then A will be positioned third to the left of B.

From A - G is on the extreme right end i.e. on position no. 9 and D is on the immediate left of A i.e. on position no. 4.

From B - C is on the position no. 3 and is a boy.

From C - H is second to the right of B and on the immediate left of G i.e. H is at position no. 8 and B is at position no. 6.

From E - The person to the immediate left of B i.e. A and immediate right of B, both are boys.

As C is a boy and person to the immediate right of B is also a boy (who is fourth to the right of C) and as mentioned in the given instructions that all five boys are together with no girls in middle, so from position 3 to 7 all are boys.

From D - As E is not a girl and is not at extreme ends, therefore the only place possible for E is position no. 7.

Therefore as per the above explanation, the Arrangement will be

I/F I/F C D A B E H G

the H is third to the right of A.

Hence, option (c)

Workspace:

**IIFT 2019 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

If there are two students between F and D, then I as per reflection is :

- (a)
On the extreme right

- (b)
Immediate left of D

- (c)
Immediate right of C

- (d)
Four places to the right of A

Answer: Option C

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**Text Explanation** :

Starting from the left, the positions are:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

A is the one who starts the game by standing in the middle i.e. at position 5.

As, all the directions are seen in mirror and the arrangement is done accordingly, therefore each instruction given will be interpreted in the opposite way.

For example if instruction says that A is third to the right of B, then A will be positioned third to the left of B.

From A - G is on the extreme right end i.e. on position no. 9 and D is on the immediate left of A i.e. on position no. 4.

From B - C is on the position no. 3 and is a boy.

From C - H is second to the right of B and on the immediate left of G i.e. H is at position no. 8 and B is at position no. 6.

From E - The person to the immediate left of B i.e. A and immediate right of B, both are boys.

As C is a boy and person to the immediate right of B is also a boy (who is fourth to the right of C) and as mentioned in the given instructions that all five boys are together with no girls in middle, so from position 3 to 7 all are boys.

From D - As E is not a girl and is not at extreme ends, therefore the only place possible for E is position no. 7.

Therefore as per the above explanation, the Arrangement will be

I/F I/F C D A B E H G

I is on the immediate right of C as per the reflection.

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

Eight officers of Indian Trade Service meet for a cup of coffee at coffee point. The officers P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are seated in a circle and discuss issues related to Trade in Series, Trade in Intellectual Property Rights, Investments, Tariffs, Remedies, Standards, Trade Facilitation and Subsidies not necessarily in the same order. An MBA student sitting on the next table overheads the discussion and ranks the issues as per their importance from 1 to 8. Not two officers can have the same position. Additional information available is:

- P is sitting to the immediate left of S and the officer opposite to S discusses issues pertaining to Remedies.
- U's issues is ranked 7th and there is one officer between U and the officer whose issue is ranked 2nd .
- The officer whose issue is ranked 1 is not opposite to the officer whose issue is ranked 8 who represent issues related to Investments.
- The ranks of the issues raised by the officers sitting opposite to each other cannot be both even or both odd.
- The officer discussing issues related to Trade in Services is sitting opposite to T. T is sitting at a gap of one place from p.
- R is sitting opposite to Q and represent issues related to standards and Trade in Intellectual Property Rights not necessarily in the same order.
- P's issue was ranked 4th and he was discussing issues related to Tariffs and sits opposite to the officer ranked 5th who represents issues related to Subsidies.
- The officers representing issues related to Trade in Services and Trade Facilitation are sitting adjacent to each other.

**IIFT 2018 LR | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Which officer discusses Remedies and what is its rank?

- (a)
P-4

- (b)
S-1

- (c)
U-7

- (d)
V-5

Answer: Option C

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**Text Explanation** :

R and Q are opposite to each other and T is one place away from P. Thus one among R and Q is sitting to the immediate left of P. Now using v and viii, the position of T and the officers who discussed Trade in Services and Trade Facilitation can be determined and T’s issue is related to Investments.

Using conditions ii and iv, U’s issue has to be Remedies. One among, Standards and Trade is Intellectual Property Rights has the rank 2nd. The rank of the issue of Trade Facilitation must be 6th.

U – 7.

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2018 LR | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

If the officer V is to the immediate right of the officer representing Trade Facilitation, then the officer 4th to the right of V discusses which issue?

- (a)
Tariffs

- (b)
Remedies

- (c)
Subsidies

- (d)
Investments

Answer: Option D

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**Text Explanation** :

Consider the solution to first question of this set.

Investments.

Hence, option (d).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2018 LR | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Which possible issues can be represented by W?

- (a)
Standards-Trade in Intellectual Property Rights

- (b)
Subsidies-Standards

- (c)
Trade in Services-Subsidies

- (d)
Trade in Services-Trade in Intellectual Property Rights-Subsidies

Answer: Option C

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**Text Explanation** :

Consider the solution to first question of this set.

Trades in Services – Subsidies.

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2018 LR | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

The officer to the 4th right to the officer discussing the issues related to Remedies, is discussing which issue?

- (a)
Trade in Intellectual Property Rights

- (b)
Trade Facilitation

- (c)
Investments

- (d)
Subsidies

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

Consider the solution to first question of this set.

Trade Facilitation.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

Based on the figure given below, the relationship of the terms to the terms to the right of :: is same as that on the left. Find the missing terms.

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

GHF : CDB :: EFD : ?

- (a)
ABJ

- (b)
CBD

- (c)
IJH

- (d)
AJB

Answer: Option A

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**Text Explanation** :

In all four questions here, the analogy is to be based on the figure rather than the numerical relation between the letters.

The first term in both cases (i.e. GHF and CDB) is a triangle in clockwise sequence.

The second term in the first pair is obtained by going anticlockwise from G and selecting the second vertex similar to G (i.e. skip E and select C). Now, CDB is again a triangle in clockwise order. Using this logic, start from E and go anticlockwise. Skip C and select A. Now, the triangle in clockwise order is ABJ.

Hence, option (a).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

HNP : PDA :: DLP : ?

- (a)
CDP

- (b)
PJG

- (c)
PHE

- (d)
PME

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

The first term in both cases (HNP and DLP) form approximate right triangles in anti-clockwise directions. Hence, their shape is the same.

Considering the shape that PDA forms, the only options that follow this shape are PJG or PHE.

However, observe in the first pair that in HNP and PDA; D is the second vertex on the pentagon after H, going anti-clockwise.

Consider DLP. The second vertex on the pentagon after D, going anti-clockwise, is J.

Hence, the term should be PJ_. Only PJG satisfies this condition.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

AKJO : IOHN :: ? : CLBK

- (a)
LDME

- (b)
EMGH

- (c)
EMDL

- (d)
CLDM

Answer: Option C

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**Text Explanation** :

Observe that AKJO and IOHN have the same shape, and I is the next vertex after A, going anti-clockwise.

CLBK is also the same shape. Since the fourth term is known and the third is to be found, the required vertex should be the next vertex, going clockwise i.e. E.

Hence, the required pattern is EMDL.

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

BPM : GNJ :: ? : AKD

- (a)
FPO

- (b)
KPD

- (c)
HPB

- (d)
FPM

Answer: Option A

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**Text Explanation** :

Observe that the second term in both cases (GNJ and AKD) have the same shape, and A is the second vertex after G, going clockwise.

The second vertex after B, going clockwise, is F. Starting from F, FPO has the same shape as BPM.

Hence, option (a).

Workspace:

**Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.**

Six friends Ana, Belle, Cinderella, Diana, Elsa and Ferida are sitting on the ground in a hexagonal shape discussing their trades i.e. cook, hairdresser, washerwoman, tailor, carpenter and plumber. All the sides of the hexagon are of the same length. The seating arrangement is subject to following conditions.

- Ana is not adjacent to the hairdresser or Cinderella
- The tailor is not adjacent to Cinderella or Elsa but adjacent to Ana.
- Hairdresser and Cinderella are adjacent to each other.
- Plumber is in the middle of tailor and Cinderella in a clockwise direction.
- Cook is adjacent to the Carpenter who is adjacent to Belle in an anti-clockwise direction.
- Ferida is a plumber and Elsa is adjacent the cook.
- In a clockwise direction, the washerwoman is followed by the hairdresser

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Who is at the same distance from Diana as carpenter is from Diana?

- (a)
Belle

- (b)
Cinderella

- (c)
Tailor

- (d)
Plumber

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

You can consider the six hexagonal places as 1-6 in clockwise order as shown below.

The washerwoman is followed by the hairdresser in clockwise direction. Hence, let the washerwoman and hairdresser be at places 1 and 2 respectively.

The hairdresser and Cinderella are adjacent to each other. Hence, Cinderella is either the washerwoman or on place 3, as shown below:

The plumber is between the tailor and Cinderella in clockwise direction. Hence, their clockwise order is: tailor-plumber-Cinderella.

Observe that this is not possible in the second figure, as the sequence there is: washerwoman-hairdresser-Cinderella.Hence, the second case is eliminated and **Cinderella = washerwoman**

Hence, to satisfy the tailor-plumber-Cinderella sequence, the tailor and plumber have to be at places 5 and 6 respectively.

Also, **Ferida = plumber. **Thus, the arrangement becomes:

Ana is not adjacent to the hairdresser or Cinderella. Hence, Ana cannot be on seats 3 and 6. Hence, Ana is at 4 or 5.

Since the tailor is adjacent to Ana, Ana cannot be the tailor. Hence, Ana is on seat 4.

From the above figure, seat 3 and Ana should be cook and carpenter (in no specific order).

However, it is known that in anti-clockwise order, the sequence is cook-carpenter-Belle.

This is only possible if **Ana = cook and Belle = hairdresser.**

Now, Elsa can be the tailor or carpenter, as Elsa is adjacent the cook. Since the tailor is not adjacent to Elsa, Elsa is not the tailor. Hence, **Elsa = carpenter **and **Diana = tailor.**

Thus, the final arrangement is:

From the above figure, the carpenter is two places away from Diana. The other person who is two places away from Diana is Cinderella (the washerwoman).

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

If one neighbour of cook is Elsa, who is the other?

- (a)
Cinderella

- (b)
Diana

- (c)
Belle

- (d)
Ferida

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

You can consider the six hexagonal places as 1-6 in clockwise order as shown below.

The washerwoman is followed by the hairdresser in clockwise direction. Hence, let the washerwoman and hairdresser be at places 1 and 2 respectively.

The hairdresser and Cinderella are adjacent to each other. Hence, Cinderella is either the washerwoman or on place 3, as shown below:

The plumber is between the tailor and Cinderella in clockwise direction. Hence, their clockwise order is: tailor-plumber-Cinderella.

Observe that this is not possible in the second figure, as the sequence there is: washerwoman-hairdresser-Cinderella.Hence, the second case is eliminated and **Cinderella = washerwoman**

Hence, to satisfy the tailor-plumber-Cinderella sequence, the tailor and plumber have to be at places 5 and 6 respectively.

Also, **Ferida = plumber. **Thus, the arrangement becomes:

Ana is not adjacent to the hairdresser or Cinderella. Hence, Ana cannot be on seats 3 and 6. Hence, Ana is at 4 or 5.

Since the tailor is adjacent to Ana, Ana cannot be the tailor. Hence, Ana is on seat 4.

From the above figure, seat 3 and Ana should be cook and carpenter (in no specific order).

However, it is known that in anti-clockwise order, the sequence is cook-carpenter-Belle.

This is only possible if **Ana = cook and Belle = hairdresser.**

Now, Elsa can be the tailor or carpenter, as Elsa is adjacent the cook. Since the tailor is not adjacent to Elsa, Elsa is not the tailor. Hence, **Elsa = carpenter **and **Diana = tailor.**

Thus, the final arrangement is:

Ana is the cook, and her neighbours are Elsa and Diana.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

What are the trades of Diana and Elsa?

- (a)
Tailor and Carpenter

- (b)
Cook and Carpenter

- (c)
Tailor and Washerwoman

- (d)
Tailor and Plumber

Answer: Option A

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**Text Explanation** :

You can consider the six hexagonal places as 1-6 in clockwise order as shown below.

The washerwoman is followed by the hairdresser in clockwise direction. Hence, let the washerwoman and hairdresser be at places 1 and 2 respectively.

The hairdresser and Cinderella are adjacent to each other. Hence, Cinderella is either the washerwoman or on place 3, as shown below:

The plumber is between the tailor and Cinderella in clockwise direction. Hence, their clockwise order is: tailor-plumber-Cinderella.

Observe that this is not possible in the second figure, as the sequence there is: washerwoman-hairdresser-Cinderella.Hence, the second case is eliminated and **Cinderella = washerwoman**

Hence, to satisfy the tailor-plumber-Cinderella sequence, the tailor and plumber have to be at places 5 and 6 respectively.

Also, **Ferida = plumber. **Thus, the arrangement becomes:

Ana is not adjacent to the hairdresser or Cinderella. Hence, Ana cannot be on seats 3 and 6. Hence, Ana is at 4 or 5.

Since the tailor is adjacent to Ana, Ana cannot be the tailor. Hence, Ana is on seat 4.

From the above figure, seat 3 and Ana should be cook and carpenter (in no specific order).

However, it is known that in anti-clockwise order, the sequence is cook-carpenter-Belle.

This is only possible if **Ana = cook and Belle = hairdresser.**

Now, Elsa can be the tailor or carpenter, as Elsa is adjacent the cook. Since the tailor is not adjacent to Elsa, Elsa is not the tailor. Hence, **Elsa = carpenter **and **Diana = tailor.**

Thus, the final arrangement is:

Diana and Elsa are the tailor and carpenter respectively.

Hence, option (a).

Workspace:

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

Who is sitting opposite to the plumber?

- (a)
Ana

- (b)
Elsa

- (c)
Diana

- (d)
Cinderella

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

You can consider the six hexagonal places as 1-6 in clockwise order as shown below.

**Cinderella = washerwoman**

Also, **Ferida = plumber. **Thus, the arrangement becomes:

Since the tailor is adjacent to Ana, Ana cannot be the tailor. Hence, Ana is on seat 4.

From the above figure, seat 3 and Ana should be cook and carpenter (in no specific order).

However, it is known that in anti-clockwise order, the sequence is cook-carpenter-Belle.

This is only possible if **Ana = cook and Belle = hairdresser.**

**Elsa = carpenter **and **Diana = tailor.**

Thus, the final arrangement is:

Ferida is the plumber and Elsa is opposite Ferida.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**Read the following information carefully to answer the questions given below it.**

Eight doctors P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W of the same family i.e. father, mother, father’s sister, mother’s brother, 2 daughters and 2 sons visit a clinic every day for one hour each except on Monday which is a holiday. The timings are 9 am to 1 pm and 2 pm to 6 pm, with lunch time from 1 pm to 2 pm. Each has a different specialisation namely Cardiologist, Orthodontist, Neurologist, Paediatrician, Gynaecologist, Urologist, Radiologist and General Physician.

- No doctor visits the clinic before doctor Q and after doctor U.
- The Orthodontist visits right after lunch and is followed by R who is a female.
- The mother comes in at the same place before lunch as the younger son P after lunch.
- The General Physician is the sister of Urologist’s father and is last to visit before lunch.
- The Cardiologist is the first while the elder daughter is the last to visit.
- T is the mother’s brother of U and visits between the father and mother.
- Before 1 pm, V comes after the Radiologist, who is second to visit during the day
- S, the mother comes at 11 am after the father.
- The Neurologist is at the same place after lunch as the Gynaecologist before lunch and comes right after Urologist.

**IIFT 2016 LRDI | LR - Arrangements omet Question**

he General Physician is a ____________ and comes at ___________

- (a)
Female, 11am

- (b)
Female, 12 noon

- (c)
Male, 11am

- (d)
Male, 12 noon

Answer: Option B

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**Text Explanation** :

There are four males: father, mother’s brother and two sons. Similarly, there are four females: mother, father’s sister and two daughters.

Some of the data is directly given and can be tabulated as under:

The following points can be concluded from the table:

- V is the General Physician (as V comes before 1 p.m., but after the radiologist).
- The mother is the Gynaecologist (as the gynaecologist comes before lunch).
- R is the younger daughter.

The following points can now be added:

- Neurologist comes third after lunch (as Gynaecologist comes third before lunch) and Urologist comes second after lunch (as Neurologist is immediately after Urologist). Hence, R is the Urologist.
- Younger son, P, comes third after lunch (as mother comes third before lunch). Hence, P is the Neurologist.
- T (mother’s brother) comes between father and mother, while the father comes before the mother. Hence, Q is the father and T is the Radiologist.

Hence, the only person left i.e. W is the elder son and is the Orthodontist. U is the Paediatrician. The final combinations are as shown below:

Thus, the General Physician is a female and comes at 12 noon.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

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