# CAT 2002 LRDI | Previous Year CAT Paper

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**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

The chart given below indicates the annual sales tax revenue collections (in crores of rupees) of seven states from 1996 to 2001.

**1. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

If for each year, the states are ranked in terms of descending order of sales tax collections, then how many states don't change their ranking more than once over the five years?

- A.
1

- B.
5

- C.
3

- D.
4

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

The table given above indicates the ranks according to the annual sales-tax revenue collections of seven states from 1996-97 to 2000-01.

WB, TN and MA have the ranks 7, 2, and 1 respectively over the five years.

AP and KA change their ranks only once, in 1997-98.

∴ There are five states for which the ranks didn’t change more than once.

Hence, option (b).

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**2. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

Which of the following states has changed its relative ranking most number of times when you rank the states in terms of the descending volume of sales tax collections each year?

- A.
Andhra Pradesh

- B.
Uttar Pradesh

- C.
Karnataka

- D.
Tamil Nadu

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

From the table, we see that UP and GU have changed their rankings twice (in the years1997-98 and 2000-01).

Hence, option (b).

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**3. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

The percentage share of sales tax revenue of which state has increased from 1997 to 2001?

- A.
Tamil Nadu

- B.
Karnataka

- C.
Gujarat

- D.
Andhra Pradesh

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

In 1996-97, the percentage share of AP = $\frac{3526}{29870}$ ×100 = 11.80%

In 2000-01, the percentage share of AP = $\frac{7202}{49639}$ × 100 = 14.50%

Similarly calculating for other states, we get:

∴ We can see that the percentage share of sales tax revenue has increased only for AP.

Hence, option (d).

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**4. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

Which pair of successive years shows the maximum growth rate of tax revenue in Maharashtra?

- A.
1997 to 1998

- B.
1998 to 1999

- C.
1999 to 2000

- D.
2000 to 2001

Answer: Option C

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**Explanation** :

Growth rate of tax revenue in MA for 1997-98

$=\frac{7826-7290}{7290}$ × 100

$\approx \frac{500}{7300}<10\%$

Growth rate of tax revenue in MA for 1998-99

$=\frac{8067-7826}{7826}$ × 100

$\approx \frac{200}{7800}<10\%$

Growth rate of tax revenue in MA for 1999-00

$=\frac{10284-8067}{8067}$ × 100

$\approx \frac{2000}{8000}\approx 25\%$

Growth rate of tax revenue in MA for 2000-01

$=\frac{12034-10284}{10284}$ × 100

$\approx \frac{2000}{10000}\approx 20\%$

Hence, option (c).

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**5. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

Identify the state whose tax revenue increased exactly by the same amount in two successive pair of years?

- A.
Karnataka

- B.
West Bengal

- C.
Uttar Pradesh

- D.
Tamil Nadu

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

For Karnataka the increase from the year 1998-1999 to 1999-2000 and the increase from the year 1999-2000 to 2000-2001 is the same.

Increase from 1998-1999 to 1999-2000 = 4839 – 4265 = 574

Increase from 1999-2000 to 2000-2001 = 5413 – 4839 = 574

Hence, option (a).

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**6. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

Which state below has been maintaining a constant rank over the years in terms of its contribution to the total tax collections?

- A.
Andhra Pradesh

- B.
Karnataka

- C.
Tamil Nadu

- D.
Uttar Pradesh

Answer: Option C

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**Explanation** :

From the table, it is seen that WB, TN and MA have a consistent rank.

∴ From the given options, only Tamil Nadu has been maintaining a constant rank.

Hence, option (c).

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**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

The table below gives information about four different crops, their different quality categories and the regions where they are cultivated. Based on the information given in the table, answer the questions given below:

**7. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Selection & Distribution**

How many regions produce medium quality of Crop-1 or Crop-2 and also produce low quality of Crop-3 or Crop-4?

- A.
Zero

- B.
One

- C.
Two

- D.
Three

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

The regions that produce medium quality of Crop-1 or Crop-2 are R_{6}, R_{7}, R_{8}, R_{9 }and R_{13}

The regions that produce low quality of Crop-3 or Crop-4 are R_{1}, R_{4}, R_{5} and R_{9}

Thus, only region R_{9} produces medium quality of Crop-2 and low quality of Crop-4.

Hence, option (b).

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**8. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Selection & Distribution**

Which of the following statements is true?

- A.
All medium quality Crop-2 producing regions are also high quality Crop-3 producing regions.

- B.
All high quality Crop-1 producing regions are also medium and low Crop-4 producing regions.

- C.
There are exactly five Crop-3 producing regions, which also produce Crop-4 but not Crop-2.

- D.
Some Crop-3 producing regions produce Crop-1 and high quality Crop-2.

Answer: Option C

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**Explanation** :

Option 1 is false because R_{9} is a medium quality Crop-2 producing region, which does not produce high quality of Crop-3.

Option 2 is false because R_{3} is a high quality Crop-1 producing region, which does not produce medium and low qualities of Crop-4.

Option 3 is true as there are exactly 5 regions (R_{1}, R_{2}, R_{3}, R_{4} and R_{11}) and that produce Crop-3 and Crop-4 but not Crop-2.

Option 4 is false as no regions producing Crop-3 produces high quality Crop-2.

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**9. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Selection & Distribution**

How many low quality Crop-1 producing regions are either high quality Crop-4 producing regions or medium quality Crop-3 producing regions?

- A.
One

- B.
Two

- C.
Three

- D.
Four

Answer: Option C

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**Explanation** :

Regions R_{9}, R_{10} and R_{11} produce low quality of Crop-1.

Of these, regions R_{10} and R_{11} also produce high quality of Crop-4 while regions R_{9} and R_{11} produce medium quality of Crop-3.

∴There are 3 low quality Crop-1 producing regions that are either high quality Crop-4 producing regions or medium quality Crop-3 producing regions.

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

Answer these questions based on the table given below.

**10. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

What percentage of cities located within 10° E and 40° E (10° east and 40° east) lie in the Southern Hemisphere?

- A.
15%

- B.
20%

- C.
25%

- D.
30%

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

Vienna, Sofia, Tripoli, Warsaw and Lusaka lie between 10° E and 40° E.

∴ The number of cities located within 10° E and 40° E = 5

Out of these, only Lusaka is in the Southern Hemisphere.

∴ Required percentage = $\frac{1}{5}$ × 100 = 20%

Hence, option (b).

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**11. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

The number of cities whose name begin with a consonant and are in the Northern Hemisphere in the table:

- A.
exceed the cities whose names begin with a consonant of Southern Hemisphere by 4.

- B.
exceed the cities whose names begin with a consonant of Southern Hemisphere by 6.

- C.
is less than the number of cities whose name begin with a consonant of east of the meridian by 1.

- D.
is less than the number of cities whose name begin with a consonant of east of the meridian by 2.

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

‘Cities’ implies that we need to refer to the ‘Capitals’ column while answering this question.

The number of cities whose names begin with a consonant and are in the Northern Hemisphere = 11

The number of cities whose names begin with a consonant and are in the Southern Hemisphere = 7

The number of cities whose names begin with a consonant and lie East of the meridian = 17

∴ The number of cities whose names begin with a consonant and are in the Northern Hemisphere exceed the cities whose names begin with a consonant and are in the Southern Hemisphere by 4.

Hence, option (a).

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**12. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

The ratio of the number of countries whose name starts with vowel and located in the Southern Hemisphere, to the number of countries, the name of whose capital cities starts with a vowel in the table above is:

- A.
3 : 2

- B.
3 : 3

- C.
3 : 1

- D.
4 : 3

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

There are three countries, Argentina, Australia and Equador, which start with a vowel and are in the Southern Hemisphere.

There are two countries, Canada and Ghana, whose capitals (Ottawa and Accra) start with a vowel.

∴ The required ratio = 3 : 2

Hence, option (a).

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**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

The following table shows the earnings of employees in the month of June 2002. They generally worked 25 days in a month.

**13. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

The number of employees who have earned more than Rs. 50 per day in complex operation is:

- A.
4

- B.
3

- C.
6

- D.
7

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

Earnings per day = $\frac{\mathrm{Total}\mathrm{Earnings}\mathrm{for}\mathrm{complex}\mathrm{work}}{\mathrm{Number}\mathrm{of}\mathrm{days}\mathrm{for}\mathrm{complex}\mathrm{work}}$

Hence, we have:

Employees numbered 2001159, 2001162, 2001165 and 2001170 have earned more than Rs. 50 per day in complex operation.

∴ Number of employees = 4

Hence, option (a).

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**14. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

The number of employees who have earned more than Rs. 600 and having more than 80% attendance (there are 25 regular working days in June 2002; some might be coming on overtime too) is:

- A.
4

- B.
5

- C.
6

- D.
7

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

80% of 25 = 20

∴ Total attendance should be more than 20 and total earning should be more than 600.

There are 7 employees (2001147, 2001159, 2001170, 2001171, 2001174, 2001177 and 2001180) who have worked for more than 20 days and whose earning is more than Rs. 600.

Hence, option (d).

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**15. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

The employee number of the person (among the following) who has earned the maximum earnings per day in medium operations is:

- A.
2001180

- B.
2001165

- C.
2001170

- D.
2001177

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

Earnings per day in medium operations for the given options is as follows:

Employe 2001180 ≡ $\frac{1262.79}{19}$ = Rs. 66.5

Employe 2001165 ≡ $\frac{735.72}{12.07}$ = Rs. 61

Employe 2001170 ≡ $\frac{117.46}{8.5}$ = Rs. 13.8

Employe 2001177 ≡ $\frac{726.19}{19}$ = Rs. 38.2

Hence, option (a).

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**16. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

Among the employees who were engaged in complex and medium operations, the number of employees whose average earnings per day in complex operations is more than their average earnings per day in medium operations is:

- A.
2

- B.
3

- C.
5

- D.
7

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

There are 10 employees who are engaged in both complex and medium operations.

**For employee 2001148:**

The amount earned in Medium operations = 513.26 − 51.53 − 3 = 458.73

$\frac{51.53}{3.33}<\frac{458.73}{1.67}$

**For employee 2001151:**

The amount earned in Medium operations = 282.81 − 171.71 − 79.1 = 32

$\frac{171.71}{5.5}>\frac{32}{4}$

**For employee 2001155:**

The amount earned in Medium operations = 597.94 − 497.47 − 100.47 = 0

Hence, the average amount earned per day in Medium operations = 0/4.67 = 0

Hence, the average amount earned per day in Complex operations is more.

**For employee 2001159:**

$\frac{594.43}{9.67}>\frac{159.64}{13.33}$

**For employee 2001162:**

$\frac{472.51}{1.29}>\frac{109.73}{9.71}$

**For employee 2001165:**

$\frac{402.25}{5.27}>\frac{735.72}{12.07}$

**For employee 2001169:**

$\frac{288.48}{8.38}>\frac{6.1}{4.25}$

**For employee 2001170:**

$\frac{812.1}{10}>\frac{117.46}{8.5}$

**For employee 2001177:**

$\frac{46.56}{2}<\frac{726.19}{19}$

**For employee 2001180:**

$\frac{116.4}{5}<\frac{1262.79}{19}$

∴ There are 7 employees for whom per day earnings in complex operations is more than per day earnings in medium operations.

Hence, option (d).

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**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

Following table shows the REPSOL YPF's Operations of oil and gas producing activities.

**17. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

How many operations (Spain, North Africa and Middle East, …) of the company account for less than 5% of the total revenue earned in the year 1999?

- A.
2

- B.
3

- C.
4

- D.
None of these

Answer: Option C

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**Explanation** :

Total revenue in 1999 = 3374

∴ 5% of the total revenue in 1999 = 0.05 × 3374 = 168.7

The operations of Spain, the Rest of Latin America, the Northern Sea and the Rest of the World are less than 168.7.

Hence, option (c).

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**18. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

How many operations (Spain, North Africa and Middle East, …) of the company account for less than 5% of the total revenue earned in the year 1999 to 2000?

- A.
1

- B.
2

- C.
3

- D.
None of these

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

Total revenues earned from 1999 to 2000 = 3374 + 5328 = 8702

5% of 8702 = 435.1

There are only two operations, the Northern Sea and Rest of the World, whose gross revenues for these two years is less than 435.1.

Hence, option (b).

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**19. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

How many operations registered a sustained yearly increase in income before taxes and charges from 1998 to 2000?

- A.
3

- B.
4

- C.
5

- D.
None of these

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

Only North Africa and the Middle East, Argentina, the Rest of Latin America and the Far East experience a sustained increase.

∴ There are 4 regions.

Hence, option (b).

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**20. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

Ignoring the loss making operations of the company in 1998, for how many operations was the percentage increase in net income before taxes and charges higher than the average increase from 1998 to 1999?

- A.
0

- B.
1

- C.
2

- D.
None of these

Answer: Option C

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**Explanation** :

The average increase in income before taxes and charges from 1998 to 1999 (ignoring the loss making operations)

$=\frac{(7-31)+(341-111)+(838-94)+(97-19)+(75-26)}{5}$

= 1077/5 = 215.4

Looking at the Incomes of the various operations in 1998 and 1999, it is clear that Argentina and the Far East definitely have percentage increases of more than 400%. It is also clear that all the other operations (except North America and the Middle East) will have percentage increases less than 200%.

% Increase in North America and Middle East from 1998-99 = $\frac{341-111}{111}$ × 100 ≈ 210

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**21. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

If profitability is defined as the ratio of net income after taxes and charges to expenses, then which of the following statements is true?

- A.
The Far East operations witnessed its highest profitability in 1998.

- B.
The Northern Sea operations increased its profitability from 1998 to 1999.

- C.
The operations in Argentina witnessed a decrease in profitability from 1998 to 1999.

- D.
Both 2 and 3 are true.

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

Consider option 1:

Profitability of Far East operations in 1998 = $\frac{10}{63}$ = 0.158

Profitability of Far East operations in 1999 = $\frac{58}{204}$ = 0.284

Profitability of Far East operations in 2000 = $\frac{189}{311}$ = 0.607

The profitability is highest for the year 2000.

∴ Option 1 is false.

Consider option 2:

Profitability of Northern Sea operations in 1998 = $\frac{24}{52}$ = 0.462

Profitability of Northern Sea operations in 1998 = $\frac{54}{65}$ = 0.831

Profitability is increased from 1998 to 1999.

∴ Option 2 is true.

Consider option 3

Profitability of Argentina operations in 1998 = $\frac{61}{187}$ = 0.326

Profitability of Northern Sea operations in 1998 = $\frac{500}{1168}$ = 0.428

Profitability has increased from 1998 to 1999.

∴ Option 3 is false.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**22. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

In the year 2000, which among the following countries had the best profitability?

- A.
North Africa and Middle East

- B.
Spain

- C.
Rest of Latin America

- D.
Far East

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

The profitability for the given options are as given in the above table.

Spain has the best profitability.

Hence, option (b).

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**23. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

If efficiency is defined as the ratio of revenue to expenses, then which operation was the least efficient in the year 2000?

- A.
Spain

- B.
Argentina

- C.
Far East

- D.
None of the above

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

Efficiency for all operations in 2000 is shown in the above table.

Efficiency is the least for the Rest of the World.

Hence, option (d).

Workspace:

**24. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

Of the following statements which is not true?

- A.
The operations in Spain had the best efficiency in 2000.

- B.
The Far East operations witnessed an efficiency improvement from 1999 to 2000.

- C.
The Northern Sea operations witnessed an efficiency improvement from 1998 to 1999.

- D.
In the year 1998, the operations in rest of Latin America were the least efficient.

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

Option 1 is true as Spain has the best efficiency in 2000.

Consider option 2:

Emergency of Far East operation in 1999 = $\frac{301}{204}\approx $ 1.5

Emergency of Far East operation in 2000 = $\frac{603}{311}\approx $ 2

Efficiency has improved from 1999 to 2000.

∴ Option 2 is true.

Consider option 3:

Efficiency of Northern Sea operation in 1998 = $\frac{78}{52}$ = 1.5

Efficiency of Northern Sea operation in 1999 = $\frac{140}{65}$ = 2.2

Efficiency has improved from 1998 to 1999.

∴ Option 3 is true.

Consider option 4:

Option 4 is false as in the year 1998, the operations in the Rest of the World was the least efficient.

Hence, option (d).

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**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

Chart A represents the distribution by value of top 6 suppliers of MFA Textiles in 1995. The total value of Chart A is 5760 million Euro.

Chart B represents the distribution by quantity of top 6 suppliers of MFA Textiles in 1995. The total value of Chart B is 1.05 million tons.

**25. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

The country which has the highest average price is:

- A.
USA

- B.
Switzerland

- C.
Turkey

- D.
India

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

The highest ratio of the percentages will be the highest average price because the multiplying factor is common for all.

∵ Average price = $\frac{\mathrm{Value}\mathrm{of}\mathrm{million}\mathrm{Euro}}{\mathrm{Volume}\mathrm{in}\mathrm{million}\mathrm{tons}}$

∴ Switzerland has the highest average price.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**26. CAT 2002 LRDI | DI - Tables & Graphs**

The average price (Euro per kg) in Turkey is roughly:

- A.
6.20

- B.
5.80

- C.
4.20

- D.
4.80

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

Distribution value of Turkey = 16% of 5760 million Euro

Distribution quantity of Turkey = 15% of 1.05 million tons

∴ Average Price = $\frac{{\displaystyle \frac{16}{100}}\times 5760\times {10}^{6}}{{\displaystyle \frac{15}{100}}\times 1.05\times {10}^{6}\times {10}^{3}}=\frac{16\times 5760}{15\times 1.05\times {10}^{2}}$ = 5.85 Euro/kg

Hence, option (b).

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**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

There are 6 refineries, 7 depots, 9 districts. The refineries are BB, BC, BD, BE, BF, BG. The depots are AA, AB, AC, AD, AE, AF and AG and the districts are AAA, AAB, AAC, AAD, AAE, AAF, AAG, AAH, AAI.

Table A shows the cost of transporting one unit from refinery to depot.

Table B shows the cost of transporting one unit from depot to districts.

**27. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Mathematical Reasoning**

The minimum cost of sending one unit from any refinery to any district is:

- A.
Rs. 0

- B.
Rs. 350

- C.
Rs. 320

- D.
Rs. 50

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

The cost of transporting one unit from refinery BD to depot AE is Rs. 0 and the cost of transporting one unit from depot AE to district AAB is also Rs. 0.

∴ The minimum cost of transporting one unit from any refinery to any district is Rs. 0.

Hence, option (a).

Workspace:

**28. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Mathematical Reasoning**

How many possible ways are there for sending one unit from any refinery to any district?

- A.
63

- B.
42

- C.
54

- D.
378

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

Number of ways = Six refineries × Seven depots × Nine districts

= 6 × 7 × 9

= 378

Hence, option (d).

Workspace:

**29. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Mathematical Reasoning**

The largest cost of sending one unit from any refinery to district is:

- A.
Rs. 2172.60

- B.
Rs. 2193.0

- C.
Rs. 2091.0

- D.
None of the above

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

The highest cost of transportation from a refinery to the depot = Rs. 1,157.70 (BE to AE)

Cost of transportation from AE to AAF takes up the highest charge of Rs. 1,035.30

∴ The maximum cost = 1157.7 + 1035.3 = Rs. 2,193

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**30. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Mathematical Reasoning**

The minimum cost of transportation of one unit from refinery BD to any district is:

- A.
Rs. 125

- B.
Rs. 0

- C.
Rs. 375

- D.
None of the above

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

The transportation cost from refinery BD to depot AE is Rs. 0.

The transportation cost from depot AE to district AAB is also Rs. 0.

∴ The minimum cost of transportation from BD to any district is Rs. 0.

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**31. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Mathematical Reasoning**

The minimum cost of transportation from any refinery to AAG district is:

- A.
Rs. 0

- B.
Rs. 137

- C.
Rs. 140

- D.
None of the above

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

The transportation cost from depot AD to district AAG = 0

The transportation cost from refinery BC to depot AD = Rs. 50.1

∴ Minimum cost of transportation from any refinery to district AAG = Rs. 50.1

Hence, option (d).

Workspace:

**32. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Mathematical Reasoning**

The minimum cost of transportation from refinery BE to district AAA is:

- A.
Rs. 1257

- B.
Rs. 1161

- C.
Rs. 1231

- D.
None of the above

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

The cost will be minimum when the transportation from BE to AAA is through AD.

∴ The cost of transportation = 650.4 + 159 = Rs. 809.4

Hence, option (d).

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**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

In a country, the following signals are applicable:

A man headed towards north and follows the given signals as:

**33. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Directions**

What is the total distance covered by the man till the last signal?

- A.
90 km

- B.
120 km

- C.
110 km

- D.
84 km

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

The movement can be tabulated as below:

Distance = $20\times \frac{1}{2}+40\times \frac{1}{4}+40\times \frac{1}{2}+100\times \frac{2}{5}+40\times \frac{1}{4}$

= 10 + 10 + 20 + 40 + 10

= 90 km

Hence, option (a).

Workspace:

**34. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Directions**

What is his net displacement with respect to the starting point?

- A.
40 km towards South West

- B.
50 km towards North East

- C.
40 km towards North East

- D.
60 km towards South West

Answer: Option B

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**Explanation** :

The map of his movements is as shown below:

∴ The net displacement with respect to the starting point

$=\sqrt{{40}^{2}+{30}^{2}}$ = 50 km towards North-East

Hence, option (b).

Workspace:

**35. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Directions**

If the first signal after the starting point, is 1 Red and 2 Green lights, then what is the total distance covered by the man till the last signal?

- A.
90 km

- B.
50 km

- C.
40 km

- D.
80 km

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

Since only the direction of the man has changed, the total distance covered by him will still remain the same.

∴ Total distance = 90 km

Hence, option (a).

Workspace:

**36. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Directions**

Instead of heading North, if the man was heading South, then by the end of the journey, he was

- A.
50 km towards South, 50 km towards West from his starting point.

- B.
50 km towards North, 50 km towards West from his starting point.

- C.
60 km towards North, 40 km towards West from his starting point.

- D.
40 km towards South, 30 km towards West from his starting point.

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

If instead of North, the man headed for South, the map given in the solution of the second question in the set will get inverted and flipped.

∴ He will end up south-west of his starting position, instead of north-east.

∴ He ends up at 30 km West and 40 km South of his starting point.

Hence, option (d).

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**Answer the following question based on the information given below.**

A causes B or C, but not both.

F occurs only if B occurs.

D occurs if B or C occurs.

E occurs only if C occurs.

J occurs only if E or F occurs.

D causes G or H or both.

H occurs if E occurs.

G occurs if F occurs.

**37. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Logical Connectives**

If A occurs, which may occur?

I. F and G

II. E and H

III. D

- A.
I only

- B.
II only

- C.
III only

- D.
Either I and III or II and III, but not both.

Answer: Option D

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**Explanation** :

A causes B or C, but not both.

In either case, D occurs.

F can occur only if B occurs, while E can occur only if C occurs. Since only one of B and C can occur, hence only one of F and E can occur.

Hence, option (d).

Workspace:

**38. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Logical Connectives**

Which of these may occur as a result of a cause not mentioned?

- A.
E

- B.
Both E and F

- C.
Either B or C

- D.
J

Answer: Option C

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**Explanation** :

**Consider option 1:**

E occurs only if C occurs,

∴ E cannot occur because of a cause not mentioned.

**Consider option 2:**

E occurs only if C occurs and F occurs only if B occurs,

∴ E and F both cannot occur as a result of a cause not mentioned.

**Consider option 4:**

J occurs only if E or F occurs,

∴ J also cannot occur as a result of a cause not mentioned.

**Consider option 3:**

It is given that A causes B or C but not both,

∴ Either B or C can occur by a cause not mentioned.

Hence, option (c).

Workspace:

**39. CAT 2002 LRDI | LR - Arrangements**

There are six persons sitting around a round table. Pankaj is sitting left of Dayanand who is facing Kundan. Ranjan is sitting right of Dayanand. Yash is sitting left of Pankaj and Abhishek is sitting right of Ranjan. If Pankaj and Ranjan swap their positions and Yash and Abhishek also swap their positions, then who will be to left of Abhishek?

- A.
Kundan

- B.
Yash

- C.
Dayanand

- D.
Pankaj

Answer: Option A

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**Explanation** :

The original arrangement,

The new arrangement is as per the changes described in the question,

∴ Kundan is sitting to the left of Abhishek.

Hence, option, 1.

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